- cosmological argument
- An influential argument (or family of arguments) for the existence of God. Its premises are that all natural things are dependent for their existence on something else; the totality of dependent beings must then itself depend upon a non-dependent, or necessarily existent, being, which is God. Like the argument to design, the cosmological argument was attacked by Hume and Kant . Its main problem is that it requires us to make sense of the notion of necessary existence. For if the answer to the question of why anything exists is that some other thing of a similar kind exists, the question merely arises again. So the ‘God’ that ends the question must exist necessarily; it must not be an entity of which the same kinds of question can be raised. The other problem with the argument is that it unfortunately affords no reason for attributing concern and care to the deity, nor for connecting the necessarily existent being it derives with human values and aspirations.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cosmological argument — The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of a First Cause (or instead, an Uncaused cause) to the universe, and by extension is often used as an argument for the existence of an unconditioned or supreme being, usually then… … Wikipedia
cosmological argument — Philos. an argument for the existence of God, asserting that the contingency of each entity, and of the universe composed wholly of such entities, demands the admission of an adequate external cause, which is God. Also called cosmological proof.… … Universalium
cosmological argument — Philos. an argument for the existence of God, asserting that the contingency of each entity, and of the universe composed wholly of such entities, demands the admission of an adequate external cause, which is God. Also called cosmological proof.… … Useful english dictionary
cosmological argument — see argument, cosmological … Christian Philosophy
COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT — an attempt to prove the existence of GOD from the empirical fact that things exist. The argument is based on the view that being contingent the UNIVERSE requires the existence of a non contingent God. Although the argument was savaged by David … Concise dictionary of Religion
cosmological argument — noun A type of argument for the existence of God, advanced by a number of philosophers, including and , which maintains that, since every thing and event has a cause, there must be a first cause (God) which is itself uncaused and which causes… … Wiktionary
cosmological argument — This expression refers to a variety of arguments for the existence of God based on cosmology; in general, each argument examines a particular aspect of the existing world and shows that it implies the existence of God … Glossary of theological terms
cosmological argument for God — Космологическое доказательство бытия Бога … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Kalam cosmological argument — The Kalām cosmological argument is a contemporary version of the cosmological argument taking its form from Kalām, a form of dialectical argument used in Islamic philosophy.Fact|date=February 2008. It attempts to prove the existence of God by… … Wikipedia
kalām cosmological argument — see argument, cosmological … Christian Philosophy