correspondence theory of truth


correspondence theory of truth
Aristotle said that a statement is true if it says of what is that it is, and of what is not that it is not (Metaphysics Γ, iv. 1011). But a correspondence theory is not simply the view that truth consists in correspondence with the facts, but rather the view that it is theoretically interesting to realize this. Aristotle's claim is in itself a harmless platitude, common to all views of truth. A correspondence theory is distinctive in holding that the notion of correspondence and fact can be sufficiently developed to make the platitude into an interesting theory of truth. Opponents charge that this is not so, primarily because we have no access to facts independently of the statements and beliefs that we hold. We cannot look over our own shoulders to compare our beliefs with a reality apprehended by other means than those beliefs, or perhaps further beliefs. Hence we have no fix on structures to which our beliefs may or may not correspond. See also coherence theory of truth, identity theory of truth, pragmatic theory of truth, redundancy theory of truth, semantic theory of truth.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Correspondence theory of truth — Truth, holding a mirror and a serpent (1896). Olin Levi Warner, Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C. The correspondence theory of truth states that the truth or falsity of a statement is determined only by how it… …   Wikipedia

  • CORRESPONDENCE THEORY OF TRUTH —    is the view that truth consists in its correspondence to REALITY and not in ABSTRACT IDEAS. See    the COHERENCE THEORY OF TRUTH …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • correspondence theory — Philos. the theory of truth that a statement is rendered true by the existence of a fact with corresponding elements and a similar structure. Cf. coherence theory, pragmatic theory. [1900 05] * * * …   Universalium

  • correspondence theory — noun : a theory holding that truth consists in agreement between judgments or propositions and an independently existing reality contrasted with coherence theory …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pragmatic theory of truth — refers to those accounts, definitions, and theories of the concept truth that distinguish the philosophies of pragmatism and pragmaticism. The conception of truth in question varies along lines that reflect the influence of several thinkers,… …   Wikipedia

  • Deflationary theory of truth — A deflationary theory of truth is one of a family of theories which all have in common the claim that assertions that predicate truth of a statement do not attribute a property called truth to such a statement. Contents 1 Redundancy theory 2… …   Wikipedia

  • coherence theory of truth — The view that the truth of a proposition consists in its being a member of some suitably defined body of other propositions: a body that is consistent, coherent, and possibly endowed with other virtues, provided these are not defined in terms of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • COHERENCE THEORY OF TRUTH —    the theory that TRUTH consists in coherence to a SYSTEM of IDEAS as opposed to a relationship with EMPIRICAL REALITY. See    CORRESPONDENCE THEORY OF TRUTH …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Semantic theory of truth — A semantic theory of truth is a theory of truth in the philosophy of language which holds that truth is a property of sentences.[1] Contents 1 Origin 2 Tarski s Theory 3 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Coherence theory of truth — regards truth as coherence with some specified set of sentences, propositions or beliefs. There is no single coherence theory of truth, but rather an assortment of perspectives that are commonly collected under this title.[citation needed] A… …   Wikipedia


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