- (reductivism )A reductionist holds that the facts or entities apparently needed to make true the statements of some area of discourse are dispensable in favour of some other facts or entities. Reductionism is one solution to the problem of the relationship between different sciences. Thus one might advocate reducing biology to chemistry, supposing that no distinctive biological facts exist, or chemistry to physics, supposing that no distinctive chemical facts exist (see also unity of science ). Reductionist positions in philosophy include the belief that mental descriptions are made true purely by facts about behaviour ( behaviourism ), that statements about the external world are made true by facts about the structure of experience ( phenomenalism ), that statements about moral issues are really statements about natural facts ( naturalism ), and many others. Reductionism is properly speaking not a form of scepticism (for the claims in the reduced area may be true and known to be true: indeed, one purpose of the reduction will typically be to show how this is so). Nor is it necessarily a form of anti-realism (see realism/anti-realism ), although it is often classified that way. Reductionist claims were popular in the earlier years of analytical philosophy, and were pursued by such writers as Russell and Carnap in the form of programmes of translating the theses from the target science or discourse into theses from the domain to which it was to be reduced. Subsequent recognition of the holism of meaning, and the apparent failure of these reductionist programmes, switched attention to other ways of obtaining the benefits of reduction without incurring the costs of providing the promised translations. See supervenience.
Philosophy dictionary. Academic. 2011.
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reducţionism — REDUCŢIONÍSM s.n. Modalitate de explicare sau interpretare a unor fenomene, structuri sau valori complexe ale realităţii sau ale cunoaşterii, prin reducerea lor la concepte, structuri, legi sau configuraţii mai simple. ♦ Simplificare excesivă.… … Dicționar Român
reductionism — 1948, in philosophy, from REDUCTION (Cf. reduction) + ISM (Cf. ism). Related: Reductionist … Etymology dictionary
reductionism — [ri duk′shəniz΄əm] n. any method or theory of reducing data, processes, or statements to seeming equivalents that are less complex or developed: usually a disparaging term reductionist n., adj. reductionistic adj … English World dictionary
Reductionism — Descartes held that non human animals could be reductively explained as automata De homine, 1662. Reductionism can mean either (a) an approach to understanding the nature of complex things by reducing them to the interactions of their parts, or… … Wikipedia
Reductionism — a number of related, contentious theories that hold, very roughly, that the nature of complex things can always be reduced to (be explained by) simpler or more fundamental things. This is said of objects, phenomena, explanations, theories, and… … Mini philosophy glossary
reductionism — reductionist, n., adj. reductionistic, adj. /ri duk sheuh niz euhm/, n. 1. the theory that every complex phenomenon, esp. in biology or psychology, can be explained by analyzing the simplest, most basic physical mechanisms that are in operation… … Universalium
reductionism — In its most general usage, the term reductionism denotes any intellectual strategy for reducing apparently diverse phenomena to some primary or basic explanatory principle. For example, reductionist forms of materialism as applied to the natural… … Dictionary of sociology
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reductionism — re·duc·tion·ism ri dək shə .niz əm n 1) the attempt to explain all biological processes by the same explanations (as by physical laws) that chemists and physicists use to interpret inanimate matter also the theory that complete reductionism is… … Medical dictionary
reductionism — noun a) an approach to studying complex systems or ideas by reducing them to a set of simpler components b) any of several theories holding that complex systems or ideas can always be reduced to a set of simpler components See Also: reductionist … Wiktionary